“Technologies for augmented reality systems: realizing ultrasound-guided needle biopsies” by State, Livingston, Garrett, Hirota, Whitton, et al. …

  • ©Andrei State, Mark A. Livingston, William F. Garrett, Gentaro Hirota, Mary C. Whitton, Etta D. Pisano, and Henry Fuchs




    Technologies for augmented reality systems: realizing ultrasound-guided needle biopsies



    We present a real-time stereoscopic video-see-through augmented reality (AR) system applied to the medical procedure known as ultrasound-guided needle biopsy of the breast. The AR system was used by a physician during procedures on breast models and during non-invasive examinations of human subjects. The system merges rendered live ultrasound data and geometric elements with stereo images of the patient acquired through head-mounted video cameras and presents these merged images to the physician in a head-mounted display. The physician sees a volume visualization of the ultrasound data directly under the ultrasound probe, properly registered within the patient and with the biopsy needle. Using this system, a physician successfully guided a needle into an artificial tumor within a training phantom of a human breast. We discuss the construction of the AR system and the issues and decisions which led to the system architecture and the design of the video see-through head-mounted display. We designed methods to properly resolve occlusion of the real and synthetic image elements. We developed techniques for real-time volume visualization of time- and position-varying ultrasound data. We devised a hybrid tracking system which achieves improved registration of synthetic and real imagery and we improved on previous techniques for calibration of a magnetic tracker.


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