“BioMorphic typography” by Gromala

  • ©Diane Gromala



Interest Area:



    BioMorphic typography

Session/Category Title:   Innovative Approaches



    BioMorphic Typography is a new conception of writing and a morphing typeface driven by biofeedback. It enables users to become aware of their autonomic physiological functions while they type, in real-time. In doing so, BioMorphic Typography seeks to challenge longstanding Western notions about the relationship among the senses, representation, and technology.


    1. Eisenstein, Elizabeth. Printing Revolution as an Agent of Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.; Hayles, N. Katherine. How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informantics (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1999).; McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media. Cambridge: The MITPress. (1964) Reprinted, 1994.; Ong, Walter J. Orality & Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. Padstow: T.J. Press, 1982.
    2. Lewis, Jason E., Weyers, Alex. “ActiveText: A Method for Creating Dynamic and Interactive Texts,” in UIST ’99, pp.131–140. One exception is Beowulf; though this font morphs, it is not interactive.

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