“A hand biomechanics workstation” by Thompson, Buford, Myers, Giurintano and Brewer

  • ©David E. Thompson, William L. Buford, Loyd M. Myers, David J. Giurintano, and John A. Brewer




    A hand biomechanics workstation



    Interactive graphics for hand surgery was used to apply mathematical modeling and describe the kinematics of the hand and its resultant effect on hand function. Dynamic high resolution displays and three-dimensional images were tailored for use with a specific patients’ hand and a new and powerful design and analysis tool produced. Methods were developed to portray kinematic information such as muscle excursion and effective moment arm and extended to yield dynamic information such as torque and work. This prototype workstation has been developed in concert with leading orthopedic surgeons and therapists.


    1. Agee, John M., Brand, Paul W., Thompson, David E. The Moment Arms of the Carpometacarpal Joint of the Thumb: Their Laboratory Determination and Clinical Application. Proc. o f t h e 37th Annual Mtg., Am. Soc. for Surgery of the Hand. -14, {New Orleans, LA, Jan 1982}.
    2. An, K.N., Chao, E.Y., Cooney III, W.P., Linscheid, R.L. Normative Model of Human Hand for Biomechanical Analysis. J. Biomechanics, 12,10 {1979}, 775-788.
    3. An, K.N., Ueba, Y., Chao, E.Y., Cooney III, W.P., and Linseheid, R.L. Tendon Excursion and Moment Arm of Index Finger Muscles. J. Biomeehanics 16,6 {1983}, 419- 425.
    4. Brand, Paul W. Biomechanics of Tendon Transfer. Symposium on Tendon Transfer in the Upper Extremity. Orthopedic Clinics of North America, 5,2 {April 1974}, 205- 230.
    5. Brand, Paul W., Beach, R.B., Thompson, D.E. Relative Tension and Potential Excursion of Muscles in the Forearm and Hand. J. Hand Surgery, 6, 3 {May 1981}, 209-219.
    6. Brand, Paul W. Clinical Mechanics of the Hand. CV Mosby Pub., {St. Louis, 1985}.
    7. Buford, Jr., William L. An Interactive Three Dimensional Simulation of the Kinematics of the Human Thumb, Ph.D. Dissertation, Dept of Engineering Science, Louisiana State University, 1984, also University Microfilms International, {Ann Arbor, MI, 1985} 85-15 133.
    8. Buford, William, Myers, L. and Thompson, D. E. A Computer Graphics System for Musculoskeletal Modeling. Proc. 8th Annual EMBS Conference, 1, {Fort Worth, TX 1986}, 607-610.
    9. Buford, William L. and Thompson, D. E. A System for 3D Interactive Simulation of Hand Biomechanics. IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engr., BME 32,6 {June, 19871 434- 453.
    10. Dev, Parvoti. A Simulator for the Analysis of Wrist Position Control. Proceedings of the 1082 American Control Conference, {Arlington, VA., June 14-16, 1082}, 1199-1204.
    11. Fick, R. Statische Berachtung der Muskulature des Oberschenkels. Z Ratiouelle Med, 9, {1850}, 94-106.
    12. Fick, R. Handbuch der Anatornie und Mechanik der Gelenke unter Berficksichtlgung der Bewegenden Muskein. 1904-1911, 3, Specielle Gelenk und Muskelmechanik, Gustav Fischer, {Jena, 1911}.
    13. Fischer, C. W. A Treatise on the Topographical Anatomy of the Long Finger and a Biomechanical Investigation of its Interjoint Movement. Ph.D. thesis, Engineering Mechanics, Univ. of Iowa, Univ. Microfilms, Inc. {Ann Arbor, MI 1969}.
    14. Flatt, Adrian E., Fischer, G.W. Biomeehanical Factors in the Replacement of Rheumatoid Joints. Ann. Rheum. Dist., 28, {1969}.
    15. Giurintano, David J. and Thompson, D.E. A Kinematic Model for the Flexor Tendons of the Hand. Proc. IEEE/EMBS, Paper 40.330.4, {November, 1987}.
    16. Hemmy, David C., D.J. David, G.T. Herman. Three- Dimensional Reconstruction of Cranio-Facial Deformity Using Computed Tomography. Neurosurgery, 13, 5 {Nov. 1983}, 534-541.
    17. Herman, G.T., Liu, H.K. Three – dimensional display of human organs from computed tomograms. Computer Graphics and Image Processing, 9 {1979} 1-21.
    18. Landsmeer, J.M.F. Studies in the Anatomy of Articulation. Acta. Morphol. Neerlando-Seaudinavia, 3, {1961} 287-321.
    19. Myers, Loyd M., W.L. Buford, and D.E. Thompson. A Graphics Editor for 3-D CT-Scan Data for Musculo- Skeletal Modeling. Proc. Computer Assisted Radiology {Berlin, July 1987}, 477-483.
    20. Murphy, S.B., P.K. Kijewski, S.R. Simon, H.P. Chandler, P.P. Griffin, D.T. Reilly, B.L. Penenberg, and M.M. Landy. Computer-Aided Simulation, Analysis, and Design in Orthopedic Surgery. Orthopedic Clinics of North America, 17,4 {October 1986} 638-649.
    21. Ou, C. Austin. The Biomechanies of the Carpometacarpal 3oint of the Thumb. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Louisiana State University, {Baton Rouge, LA, Dee. 1979}.
    22. Rhodes, Michael L., Kuo, Y.M. and Rothman. S.L.G. Systems Integration for the Manufacturing of Custom Prostheses and Anatomical Models. Proc. Computer Assisted Radiology, {Berlin, July 1987}, 416-423.
    23. Scherrer, P.K., and Hillberry, B.M. Piecewise Mathematical Representation of Articular Surfaces. J. of Biomeehanies, 12, {1979}, 301-311.
    24. Thompson, David E. Biomechanies of the Hand Perspectives in Computing, 3, 3 {Oct. 1981}, 12-19.
    25. Thompson, David E., Brewer, J.A. and Scott, S.R. Human-Machine Interaction: The Audio Connection, Computers in Mechanical Engineering, 1, 2, {1982}, 14- 18.
    26. Thompson, David E., Buford, W.L., Brewer, J.A. and Myers, L.M. Simulating Hand Surgery: A Work in Progress. SOMA, 2, 2 {June, 1987}, 6-12.
    27. Williams, R. and Seireg, A.A. Interactive Computer Modeling of the Musculo-skeletal System. IEEE Teansactions on Biomedical Engineering, 24, 3, {May 1977}, 213-218.
    28. Rubenstein, Richard. Future Trends in Computer Technology: Computer Systems in the Year 2000. Presentatiou to the VAXstation University Consortium, {November 1987}.
    29. Vannier, Michael W., Marsch, J.L. and Warren, J.O. Three Dimensional Computer Graphics for Cranio-facial Surgical Planning and Evaluation. Proceedings of SIGGRAPH’83, {Detroit, Michigan, July 25-29, 1983}. In Computer Graphics, 17,3 (July 1983), 263-273.
    30. Vannier, Michael W., Marsh, J.L., Warren, J.O. Three Dimensional CT Reconstruction Images for Craniofaeial Surgical Planning and Evaluation. Radiology, 150, 1 {January 1984} 179-184.
    31. Vogel, John C. Automated Machining of Custom Anatomical Models Using a Small-Scale Integrated Facility. Paper MS85-1098, Autofact Conference, Society of Autonmtive Engineers, {Detroit, Michigan, Nov. 1985}, 14.37-50.
    32. White, David N. Multidimensional Surgical Imaging: Changing the Link Between Radiologist and Surgeon. Administrative Radiology, {October 1986}, 51-54.

ACM Digital Library Publication:

Overview Page: