“Three angry men: dramatizing point-of-view using augmented reality” by MacIntyre, Bolter, Vaughan, Hannigan, Moreno, et al. …

  • ©Blair MacIntyre, Jay David Bolter, Jeannie Vaughan, Brendan Hannigan, Emmanuel Moreno, Markus Haas, and Maribeth Gandy



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    Three angry men: dramatizing point-of-view using augmented reality

Session/Category Title:   Narrative Explorations



    “Three Angry Men” is a novel augmented reality experience that explores the use of Augmented Reality (AR) as a dramatic medium. The user participates in an AR version of the famous twentieth-century play, “Twelve Angry Men,” [Rose 1983] which for practical reasons we have abbreviated into a scene involving 3 characters (thus, “Three Angry Men”). The participant finds herself immersed in a physical jury-room, where virtual characters (jurors in the drama, rendered as video-based characters overlaid at appropriate 3D locations around the physical table using a see-through head-worn display) debate the guilt of a young man on trial for murder (see Figure 1).


    1. Bolter, J. D., and Grusin, R. 1999. Remediation: Understanding New Media. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    2. Feiner, S., Macintyre, B. and Seligmann, D. 1993. Knowledge-Based Augmented Reality. Communications of the ACM 36(7): 53–62.
    3. Rose, R. 1983. Twelve Angry Men: A Play in Three Acts. Dramatic Publications Company.

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