“Real-time 4D ultrasound visualization with the Voreen framework” by Bruder, Jauer, Ernst, Richter and Schweikard

  • ©Ralf Bruder, Philipp Jauer, Floris Ernst, Lars Richter, and Achim Schweikard

  • ©Ralf Bruder, Philipp Jauer, Floris Ernst, Lars Richter, and Achim Schweikard




    Real-time 4D ultrasound visualization with the Voreen framework



    Voreen is an open source volume rendering engine which allows interactive visualization of volumetric data sets with high flexibility when integrating new visualization techniques [Meyer-Spradow et al. 2009]. It is designed with minimal overhead, so that, even for difficult processing networks, high rendering speeds can be achieved. While Voreen is well-equipped to display Cartesian volumes, volumes in polar coordinates, such as raw ultrasound beam data, currently have to be interpolated and converted to Cartesian coordinates to be displayed. This is highly time-consuming on a CPU while interpolation and volume rendering can be done on a graphics card in real-time [Sumanaweera 2004].


    1. Bruder, R., Ernst, F., and Schweikard, A. 2011. A frame-work for real-time target tracking in radiosurgery using three-dimensional ultrasound. In Proc CARS 2011, accepted.
    2. Hagenah J., Knig I., Becker B., et al. 2007. Substantia nigra hyperechogenicity correlates with clinical status and number of Parkin mutated alleles. J Neurol 254 1407–1413.
    3. Meyer-Spradow, J., Ropinski, T., Mensmann, J., and Hinrichs, K. 2009. Voreen: A rapid-prototyping environment for ray-casting-based volume visualizations. IEEE Comput Graph 29, 6, 6–13.
    4. Sumanaweera, T. 2004. GPU Gems: Programming Techniques, Tips and Tricks for Real-Time Graphics, 1 ed. Addison-Wesley Professional, New York, chp. 40: Applying Real-Time Shading to 3D Ultrasound Visualization, 693–707.

ACM Digital Library Publication:

Overview Page: