“A graphics editor for labanotation” by Brown and Smoliar

  • ©Maxine D. Brown and Stephen W. Smoliar




    A graphics editor for labanotation



    There is a need for a simple mechanized way to design, update and produce final copies of scores of Labanotation, a symbolic, graphical language for the recording of body movement used by choreographers, anthropologists, psychologists and therapists. This paper discusses the design and implementation of a machine-independent data structure for Labanotation and its application in an interactive storage, retrieval and editing system.


    1. Badler, Norman I., Temporal Scene Analysis: Conceptual Descriptions of Object Movements, Technical Report No. 80, Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, February, 1975 Google ScholarDigital Library
    2. Barenholtz, J., Wolofsky, Z., Ganapathy, I., and Calvert, T. W., “Computer Interpretation of Dance Notation,” Paper presented at 1975 IEEE Systems Conference, Department of Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, 1976Google Scholar
    3. Birdwhistell, Ray L., Kinesics and Context: Essays on Body Motion Communication, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970Google Scholar
    4. Clott, Donna, “Graphic Input System for Computer Music Facility,” Pennsylvania Triangle, Vol. 61, No. 1, University of Pennsylvania, October, 1974, pp. 30-35Google Scholar
    5. Dance Notation Bureau, “People/Computer System Developed to Produce Written Dance Scores,” Press release, May 12, 1976Google Scholar
    6. Dodd, George G., “Elements of Data Management Systems,” Computing Surveys, Vol.1, No. 2, June, 1969, pp. 117-133 Google ScholarDigital Library
    7. Falkoff, A. K. and Iverson, K. E., “The Design of APL,” APL Quote Quad, Vol. 6, Issue 1, Spring, 1975, pp. 5-14 Google ScholarDigital Library
    8. Farmer, Nick A. and Schehr, Joseph C., “A Computer Based System for Input Storage, and Photocomposition of Graphical Data,” Proceedings of the ACM 1974 Annual Conference, 1974, pp. 563-570Google ScholarDigital Library
    9. Floyd, Jo, Manual for use with the Labanotation IBM Selectric Typewriter Element, Dance Notation Bureau, 1974Google Scholar
    10. Giloi, Wolfgang K., “On High-Level Programming Systems for Structured Display Programming,” Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques — SIGGRAPH ’75; Computer Graphics, Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring, 1975, pp. 61-70 Google ScholarDigital Library
    11. Goodman, Nelson, Languages of Art, Bobbs-Merrill Co., Inc., 1968Google Scholar
    12. Gross, Maurice and Nivat, Maurice, “A Command Language for Visualization of Ariculated Movement,” Tou, Julius, Editor, Computer and Information — II, Academic Press, 1967, pp. 282-290Google Scholar
    13. Hackney, P., Manno, S., and Topaz, M., Study Guide for Elementary Labanotation, Dance Notation Bureau, Inc., 1970Google Scholar
    14. Hutchinson, Ann, Labanotation, the System of Analyzing and Recording Movement, Theatre Arts Books, 1954Google Scholar
    15. Hutchinson, A., Margolin, S., Miles, A., Smith, C., Topaz, M., Venable, L., and Politis, I., Qualifications for a Score Submitted for Dance Notation Bureau Certification, Dance Notation Bureau, Inc., 1972Google Scholar
    16. Martin, James, Design of Man-Computer Dialogues, Prentice-Hall, 1973 Google ScholarDigital Library
    17. Newman, William M. and Sproull, Robert F., Principles of Interactive Computer Graphics, Mc-Graw-Hill Book Co., 1973 Google ScholarDigital Library
    18. Topaz, Muriel, Study Guide for Intermediate Labanotation, Dance Notation Bureau, Inc., 1972Google Scholar
    19. Williams, Robin, “A Survey of Data Structures for Computer Graphics Systems,” Computing Surveys, Vol. 3, No. 1, March 1971, pp. 1-21 Google ScholarDigital Library
    20. Withrow, Carol, A Dynamic Model for Computer-Aided Choreography, Technical Report UTEC-CSc-70-103, Computer Science Department, University of Utah, June, 1970Google Scholar
    21. Van Dam, Andries and Rice, David E., “On-Line Text Editing: A Survey,” Computing Surveys, Vol. 3, No. 3, September, 1971, pp. 93-114 Google ScholarDigital Library

ACM Digital Library Publication:

Overview Page: