“Design preserving garment transfer” by Brouet, Sheffer, Boissieux and Cani

  • ©Remi Brouet, Alla Sheffer, Laurence Boissieux, and Marie-Paule Cani




    Design preserving garment transfer



    We present a fully automatic method for design-preserving transfer of garments between characters with different body shapes. For real-life garments, such transfer is performed through a knowledge intensive and time consuming process, known as pattern grading. Our first contribution is to reformulate the criteria used in professional pattern-grading as a set of geometric requirements, respectively expressing shape or design preservation, proportionality, and fit. We then propose a fully automatic garment transfer algorithm which satisfies all of these criteria while ensuring the physical plausibility of the result. Specifically, we formulate garment transfer as a constrained optimization problem and solve it efficiently through iterative quadratic minimization. As demonstrated by our results, our method is able to automatically generate design-preserving versions of existing garments for target characters whose proportions and body shape significantly differ from those of the source. The method correctly handles the transfer of multiple layers of garment. Lastly, when source 2D patterns are available, we output graded patterns suitable for manufacturing the transferred garments. Our fully automatic design-preserving transfer method leads to significant time savings for both computer artists and fashion designers.


    1. Ascher, U., and Boxerman, E. 2003. On the modified conjugate gradient method in cloth simulation. The Visual Computer 19, 7–8, 523–531.Google ScholarDigital Library
    2. Ben-Chen, M., Weber, O., and Gotsman, C. 2009. Spatial deformation transfer. Eurographics/ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Computer Animation. Google ScholarDigital Library
    3. Bokeloh, M., Wand, M., Koltun, V., and Seidel, H.-P. 2011. Pattern-aware deformation using sliding dockers. ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH Asia 2011). Google ScholarDigital Library
    4. Chang, Y.-T., Chen, B.-Y., Luo, W.-C., and Huang, J.-B. 2006. Skeleton-driven animation transfer based on consistent volume parameterization. In Proceedings of Computer Graphics International 2006, 78–89. Google ScholarDigital Library
    5. Cordier, F., Seo, H., and Magnenat-Thalmann, N. 2003. Made-to-measure technologies for an online clothing store. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 23, 38–48. Google ScholarDigital Library
    6. Decaudin, P., Julius, D., Wither, J., Boissieux, L., Sheffer, A., and Cani, M. 2006. Virtual garments: A fully geometric approach for clothing design. EUROGRAPHICS 2006/E. Grller and L. Szirmay-Kalos 25.Google Scholar
    7. eTelestia. www.etelestia.com/en/cad — pattern — making — software. aspx.Google Scholar
    8. FashionCAD. //www.fashioncad.net/.Google Scholar
    9. Freeth, M. 2011. Maintaining design aesthetics: case studies investigating grading for body shape variation: the translation of garment designs to fit fuller figured women. Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand.Google Scholar
    10. Harmon, D., Panozzo, D., Sorkine, O., and Zorin, D. 2011. Interference aware geometric modeling. ACM Transactions on Graphics 30, 6. Google ScholarDigital Library
    11. Igarashi, T., Moscovich, T., and Hughes, J. 2005. As-rigid-as-possible shape manipulation. ACM Transactions on Computer Graphics, Vol.24, No.3, ACM SIGGRAPH 2005, Los Angels, USA. Google ScholarDigital Library
    12. Kircher, S., and Garland, M. 2006. Editing arbitrarily deforming surface animations. ACM Trans. Graph. 25 (July), 1098–1107. Google ScholarDigital Library
    13. Kraevoy, V., and Sheffer, A. 2004. Cross-parameterization and compatible remeshing of 3d models. ACM Trans. Graph. 23, 861–869. Google ScholarDigital Library
    14. Kraevoy, V., Sheffer, A., Cohen-Or, D., and Shamir, A. 2008. Non-homogeneous resizing of complex models. ACM Trans. Graph, 111. Google ScholarDigital Library
    15. Mehra, R., Zhou, Q., Long, J., Sheffer, A., Gooch, A., and Mitra, N. J. 2009. Abstraction of man-made shapes. ACM Transactions on Graphics 28, 5, #137, 1–10. Google ScholarDigital Library
    16. Meng, Y., Wang, C. C., and Jin, X. 2012. Flexible shape control for automatic resizing of apparel products. Computer-Aided Design 44, 1, 68–76. Google ScholarDigital Library
    17. Moore, C. L., Mullet, K. K., and Young, M. B. P. 2001. Concepts of Pattern Grading: Techniques for Manual and Computer Grading. Fairchild Books And Visuals.Google Scholar
    18. Nocedal, J., and Wright, S. 2006. Numerical optimization. Springer series in operations research. Springer.Google Scholar
    19. Optitex. www.optitex.com/en/products/main_modules/grade.Google Scholar
    20. Protopsaltou, D., and Luible, C. 2002. A body and garment creation method for an internet-based virtual fitting room. Advances in Modeling, Animation and Rendering, J. Vince and R. Earnshaw, eds., Springer-Verlag, 105–122.Google Scholar
    21. Robson, C., Maharik, R., Sheffer, A., and Carr, N. 2011. Context-aware garment modeling from sketches. Computers and Graphics (Proc. SMI 2011), 604–613. Google ScholarDigital Library
    22. Sheffer, A., Lévy, B., Mogilnitsky, M., and Bogomyakov, A. 2005. Abf++: fast and robust angle based flattening. ACM Trans. Graph. 24 (April), 311–330. Google ScholarDigital Library
    23. Sheffer, A., Praun, E., and Rose, K. 2006. Mesh parameterization methods and their applications. Found. Trends. Comput. Graph. Vis. 2, 105–171. Google ScholarDigital Library
    24. Sorkine, O., and Alexa, M. 2007. As-rigid-as-possible surface modeling. Eurographics Symposium on Geometry Processing. Google ScholarDigital Library
    25. Sumner, R., and Popovic, J. 2004. Deformation transfer for triangle mesh. ACM Trans. Graph. 23, 3, 399–405. Google ScholarDigital Library
    26. Takayama, K., Schmidt, R., Singh, K., Igarashi, T., Boubekeur, T., and Sorkine, O. 2011. Geobrush: Interactive mesh geometry cloning. Computer Graphics Forum (proceedings of Eurographics) 30, 2, 613–622.Google Scholar
    27. Threads. www.threadsmagazine.com/item/4368/making — sense — of — pattern — gradingGoogle Scholar
    28. Turquin, E., Wither, J., Boissieux, L., Cani, M.-P., and Hughes, J. 2007. A sketch-based interface for clothing virtual characters. IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications. Google ScholarDigital Library
    29. Umetani, N., Kaufman, D. M., Igarashi, T., and Grinspun, E. 2011. Sensitive couture for interactive garment editing and modeling. ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH 2011) 30, 4. Google ScholarDigital Library
    30. Volino, P., Cordier, F., and Magnenat-thalmann, N. 2005. From early virtual garment simulation to interactive fashion design. Computer-Aided Design 37, 593608. Google ScholarDigital Library
    31. Wang, C. C. L., Wang, Y., and Yuen, M. M. F. 2005. Design automation for customized apparel products. Comput. Aided Des. 37, 675–691. Google ScholarDigital Library
    32. Wang, C. C. L., c. Hui, K., and m. Tong, K. 2007. Volume parameterization for design automation of customized free-form products. Submitted for IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering 4, 11–21.Google ScholarCross Ref

ACM Digital Library Publication: