“Animating bird flight using aerodynamics”

  • ©Balajee Ramakrishnananda and Wong Kok Cheong



Interest Area:

    Production & Animation


    Animating bird flight using aerodynamics

Session/Category Title:   Behavior and Flight



    Aerodynamic principles are employed for physical animation of bird flight. Control of the flight trajectory is possible through direct or indirect control of the pitching moment.


    1. D. Haumann and J.K. Hodgins.The Control of Hovering Flight for Computer Animation, Nadia Magnenat Thalmann and D.Thalmann, editors, Creating and Animating the Virtual World, Computer Animation Series, pages 3-19, Springer-Verlag, 1992.
    2. A. Azuma.The Biokinetics of Flying and Swimming, Springer-Verlag,Tokyo, 1992.
    3. C.D. Perkins and R.E. Hage. Airplane Performance, Stability and Control,Wiley, New York, 1949.
    4. B. Ramakrishnananda and K.C. Wong. Animating Bird Flight Using Aerodynamics,Technical Report CGIT-IAG-TR98-4, Centre for Graphics and Imaging Technology. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Aug 1998.
    5. K.C. Wong, S.K. Lim, L.L. Goh, B.H. Low and B. Ramakrishnananda. “Litter Bug,” In SIBGRAPI ‘98 Video Festival, 1998 International Symposium on Computer Graphics, Image Processing and Vision, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Oct 1998.

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